Diet for gout: dining table. What can and cannot be eaten?

Many may have heard of a disease like gout. Disrupts the function of the musculoskeletal system as a result of the onset of the inflammatory process. The reason is a pathological process in which urates accumulate in all joints. A diet for gout and high uric acid will help to significantly improve the patient's condition.

Alcoholism is the cause of gout

Causes of the disease

If we talk about the causes of this disease, it is necessary to note the following:

  • Heredity.
  • Food.
  • A risk group that includes people with overweight, hypertension, diabetes, kidney and stomach disease.
  • Man leads a sedentary lifestyle.
  • A person constantly drinks alcohol.

Regular consumption of large amounts of protein foods of animal origin can also lead to the development of the disease.

What are the symptoms of

?

If we are talking about the symptoms, it is necessary to note the following:

  • The person will feel severe joint pain. It often manifests itself in the morning and at night.
  • The joint is swollen and tender. It is impossible to touch it.
  • The skin turns red.
  • Temperature and pressure rise.
  • Nausea, loss of appetite.

It can be noted that gout manifests itself both in the form of an attack and in the form of a chronic disease. In addition, kidney function can often be impaired, which can lead to complications.

What is the role of nutrition?

Anyone with this disease knows that if a sick person eats or drinks something from a list of banned substances, an attack can begin. It is possible to treat the disease when a medical diet is prescribed by a leading specialist. The patient should carefully follow all the principles and avoid the use of prohibited substances.

It is best to eat 5 meals a day, but in small portions. You should also drink plenty of purified water and decoction.

There are two groups of diets that are common during the disease. This is a treatment option prescribed for exacerbation of the disease. And prevention - most attacks happen when it's over, but the person still has to follow the principles. In this case, the number of banned products is less.

Dietary foods for gout

Basic principles of diet nutrition

The main purpose of diet in this disease is to reduce uric acid compounds in the body of each person. This can be achieved in several ways:

  • Limits the number of foods classified as animal proteins.
  • Small purine-based components are provided.
  • Enough liquid has been injected.
  • Weight loss.

When we talk about which foods should be excluded, foods that contain a lot of purines belong to them. These include:

  • Beef intestines. This includes the liver, kidneys, brain, etc.
  • Shrimp.
  • Some fish species.
  • Roasted legumes.
  • Anchovies.

You should also reduce your intake of substances that are moderately purines. These include:

  • Products made from fatty meat, poultry.
  • Fish products.
  • Vegetables.

It should be noted that the meat of all young animals contains a lot of purine. In addition the intake of saturated fat should be reduced. They will interfere with the normal flow of fluid from the kidneys. You should also know the list of strictly forbidden in case of illness. These include:

  • Any smoked meat, as well as canned goods.
  • Frozen meat and fish products.
  • Broths.
  • All kinds of alcohol.
  • Legumes and frozen or canned vegetables.
  • Cereals other than rice and wheat.
  • Any confectionery made with salt and sugar.
  • Salt, spices, marinades, olives, ketchup and other flavor enhancers.

The general table of allowed and forbidden foods is given for compliance with the principles of subsequent nutrition.

Categories Allowed Prohibited
Bakery products Black or white bread, unleavened dough Baked products
Meat dishes rabbit, turkey, chicken Smoked, raw smoked and boiled sausages, small sausages, sausages, young animals, fatty pork, offal (lungs, liver, kidneys), canned food
Seafood, fish Sea cephalopods, crustaceans, shrimp, lean fish (salmon, trout), squid Oily, salted, smoked or fried fish (sardines, sprats, cod), caviar
Dairy products Low-fat milk, kefir, unsalted cheese, yogurt, sour cream, eggs (this product is allowed, but only once a day, you can eat 1 piece in any form), cottage cheese Salty and spicy cheeses
Cereals Everything except legumes Lentils, beans, soybeans, beans
Vegetables Dill, corn, beets, onions, garlic, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, cucumbers, squash, eggplant, tomatoes, pumpkin (helps to improve metabolism) Mushrooms, acid
Fruits, berries Oranges, tangerines, green apples, dates, dates, dried fruits (except raisins), strawberries, lemons, apricots, pears Grapes, Figs, Raspberries
Meals Dairy cereals, vegetarian borscht, cereal potato soups, salads from fresh and pickled vegetables, vinaigrette, vegetable caviar, vegetable, milk or sour cream sauce Meat, fish or mushroom broth, sorrel soup, as well as dishes with beans and spinach; sauces based on the above broths, mayonnaise
Sweets marshmallows, marmalade, jam, marshmallows, chocolate-free, ice cream Cream cakes, pastries
Oils Any vegetable oil Margarine, lard
Drinks Green tea, tea from fruits and berries, milk and lemon tea, fruit juice (any, even tomatoes), herbal teas, fruit drinks, fruit and berry compotes, fresh cucumber juice, alkaline mineral water are also very useful for gout, hipsjuice, chicory Any alcohol, especially beer and wine; coffee, cocoa, sharp tea
Spices Vanilla, cinnamon, bay leaf, citric acid Pepper, mustard, horseradish, hot spices
Foods allowed for gout

What is allowed for minimum consumption?

As with any diet, there are deviations. But you must remember them and stick to them. You can use a list of specific items, but on a weekly or monthly basis. The following are used, not more than once a day, preferably once every three days:

  • If you like tea and can't live without it, you can add milk there. Can also be added to cereals.
  • Beef is a banned element, but can be boiled and eaten once a week. This reduces the amount of purines by 50%.
  • You can eat asparagus, celery, spinach. However, in no case should the number be sharply increased.
  • Some fish species are allowed. Cod or trout are best.
  • Cooked poultry, but in small quantities.
  • Sometimes you can eat some pickles. But this can only be done if you feel good.
  • Tomatoes and green onions.
  • a small amount of butter.
  • Hello.

If you do not abuse such products, then rarely can a person get them.

What can you eat?

Sometimes it's worth going through what you can do after reviewing the list of things you can and can't do. The essence of the task is to prepare a diet from the list of allowed foods. The list is quite diverse, so everyone can choose for themselves what they really want to eat. The main list of permitted substances should include:

  • Dietary meat. This includes turkeys, rabbits and rarely chickens.
  • All kinds of lean fish.
  • Vegetable broths. Already boiled meat can be added. But it is necessary to cook separately, because broth is forbidden.
  • Pasta, bread and cereals.
  • Berries.
  • Fermented dairy products.
  • Desserts like marshmallows, marshmallows and marmalade.
  • Nuts and plums.
  • Fat. Flax seeds or olives are best.
  • Vegetables other than legumes.
  • Fruit and green teas.
  • Herbal teas.
  • Fruit drinks and juices. There should be no preservatives.
  • Herbs like basil, dill, parsley.

One of the most ideal ingredients for people suffering from this disease is cabbage. It is used in absolutely any form and allows you to remove all unnecessary elements from the body.

If gout gets worse, it's best to switch to liquid or semi-liquid foods. Can be vegetable puree, jelly, porridge, soup. We must not forget that this is not even a diet for gout, but a principle for the proper functioning of each organism.

Products of Table 6

Table 6: What is it?

Often diet is prescribed for gout, as well as urolithiasis. In the past, these diseases were called "royal" because they were caused by the consumption of large amounts of fatty foods and alcohol. Today, the causes are known, and therefore doctors prescribe only a strict diet. As part of this, you can cook really tasty and varied dishes.

Allows you to relax a bit during an exacerbation and get rid of the disease. There are both serious limitations and some deviations. The duration is determined only by a doctor's appointment. In particular, you can add the following:

  • The amount of food consumed is moderate.
  • Foods high in purine and salt are limited.
  • Limited to meat and fish.
  • At least 2 liters of water are used.
  • You should never go hungry.
  • Nutrition occurs 5-6 times a day.

In Table 6, you can eat the following:

  • An egg of all kinds.
  • Bread. You can eat rye and wheat products, as well as any flour desserts.
  • Meat products and fish. You should choose low-fat varieties pre-cooked. You can eat more than 150 grams of meat a day.
  • Broths are not allowed.
  • Dairy products. You can eat cottage cheese, fermented dairy products. Must be on a diet every day.
  • Vegetables. The only discharge is the removal of legumes, marinades and pickles.
  • Grain. You can use absolutely any type, but in moderation.
  • Fruits and berries. The use of citrus fruits is encouraged. For sweets you can eat marmalade, honey, dairy desserts.
  • Drinks. This includes juices, fruit drinks, clean water. Under no circumstances should you drink tea, fizzy drinks, coffee, alcohol.

Under no circumstances should you eat salted cheese. You should exclude all dried fruits except dried plums.

Drinking mode

How is your drinking regimen?

Every doctor attaches great importance to drinking regimen, because it is water that accelerates the excretion of purine bases. The total amount of water should be at least 2. 5 liters. But here you need to pay attention to the doctor's prescriptions. If you have problems with the cardiovascular system, the sound is corrected. If a person has urolithiasis, it is better to choose mineral waters. This will allow the urine to become alkaline. In addition, you can add any citrus fruits.

What is weight?

Obesity is also very common in gout. Weight loss will be followed by gout. Since high-calorie foods always cause an increase in plasma uric acid levels, consumption should not exceed 30 kcal per 1 kg of body weight.

Weight loss should be gradual. It is best when it is 1 kg per month.

Under no circumstances should you fast, as this will only aggravate the condition due to illness. It is best to use diets such as kefir, cottage cheese, milk, vegetables and fruits.

Weight loss will result in limited consumption of baked goods and sugar. If you have hypertension or ischemia with gout, it is best to eat a diet low in cholesterol.

It is a mistake to drink alcohol for gout

Typical Errors

Many people, especially those who do not follow the necessary information, often make mistakes. The most common are:

  • Alcohol.
  • Foods with high content.
  • Low fluid intake.
  • Excessive calorie intake.
  • Lots of fat and protein.
  • Increased consumption of table salt.
  • Lack of fruits and vegetables in the human diet.

All this will only hurt and will not give any positive results. In any case, it is best to consult your doctor before applying a particular diet.

An example of a menu that can be used in case of illness

Day of the Week Meal Times Foods
Monday Fasting rosehip decoction
First breakfast Drink water and make a vegetable salad
Lunch unpreserved fruit juice
Lunch Vegetable soup with pre-cooked meat, cabbage meatballs and hips compote or broth
snack dried fruit compote
Food carrot meatballs, an egg omelet and fruit tea
For the night kefir
Tuesday Fasting glass of water
First breakfast milk tea, cabbage and carrot salad
Lunch any juice without preservatives
Lunch vegetable soup. Lean meat with milk sauce
snack dried fruit compote
Food any porridge with milk, diet cabbage rolls with rice
For the night kefir
Wednesday Fasting dried fruit compote
First breakfast juice, prunes, honey cheese cakes
Lunch unpreserved fruit juice
Lunch beets on kefir and baked cabbage
snack rosehip decoction
Food any porridge with milk or jelly from fruits or berries
For the night kefir
Thursday Fasting rosehip decoction
First breakfast tea and cabbage salad
Lunch kefir
Lunch Soup with vegetable juice, carrot cutlet
snack grape juice
Food Cabbage schnitzel with sour cream and jelly
For the night fruit or whipped milk
Friday Fasting herbal decoction
First breakfast tea, boiled eggs, cheese cakes
Lunch pruning compote
Lunch vegetable broth and vegetable stew soup
snack kefir
Food any porridge with milk and jelly
For the night whipped milk
Saturday Fasting lemon juice
First breakfast tea and cheese cakes
Lunch unpreserved fruit juice
Lunch vegetable soup with potatoes, vegetable cutlets
snack kefir
Food omelet, stew carrots and tea
For the night kefir
market Fasting herbal infusion
First breakfast compote, cabbage and beet salad
Lunch tomato juice
Lunch borscht with vegetable juice and foil cooked meat
snack kefir
Food any porridge with milk and sauerkraut
For the night whipped milk
Apple omelet

Some recipes

Those on a long-term gout diet are often faced with a monotonous menu. For this reason, it is best to consider several options that can rarely be seen at once:

  • Apple omelet. You will need apples, eggs, milk and butter. Apples are cut into slices and cooked in a pan with butter. Then pour the milk, previously beaten with eggs. Put everything in the oven until fully cooked. Sprinkle powdered sugar on the omelette and serve.
  • Beet rice stew. You will need beets, rice, eggs and milk. Boil the rice and combine with the beets. Eggs are beaten with milk, you can add a little salt. The rice is poured into the liquid mass and cooked in the oven.
  • Boiled beef. You will need meat, butter, wheat flour, sour cream, milk and tomato juice. The meat is boiled and cut into small pieces. A white sauce is prepared according to the recipe below, and the meat is poured with it. Tomato juice is added there. Boil everything for 10 minutes and fill with sour cream. You can add a little butter and sprinkle with herbs.

There is a great demand for different sauces in the diet. These include:

  • Sour cream sauce. You need 100 g of sour cream, 12 g of flour, 12 g of butter to cook. The flour is dried in the oven or in a pan. It should be yellow. The milk is boiled and a quarter of the flour is added. Then such a liquid is poured into boiling milk and filled with butter.
  • Milk sauce. You need 100 ml of milk, 10 g of wheat flour. Boil half of the sour cream, add the previously dried flour. Then the sauce is mixed well and brought to a boil. It is better to squeeze so that there are no pieces.
  • White sauce. 100 g of vegetable juice, 10 g of wheat flour, 5. g of butter. The flour is dried in a pan and ground with butter. After that, the broth is carefully poured and mixed. Need to cook for 10-15 minutes.
  • Berry sauce. 50 g of berries, 15 g of sugar, starch, 100 ml of water. The berries are rubbed and sugar is added. Pour water with starch and mix everything over low heat. Bring to a boil.

Gout patients often find their own recipes for cooking. This is very easy to do if you follow the recommendations for heat treatment and selection of approved products.

Indications against gout diet

There are no specific contraindications to this diet. This is often due to the fact that it is based on standard principles such as a healthy diet. Attention is paid to vegetable and fruit dishes. Consume complex carbohydrates and normal amounts of milk components. Therefore, anyone can remain faithful to it and not suffer from hunger.

Apple or cake

What results can you get?

If a person suffers from gout and follows all the dietary requirements at the same time, he can easily limit the production of uric acid and remove the maximum amount from the body. Thanks to diet, many people can cure the disease without the use of drugs.

Thanks to this diet, you can reduce the severity and number of seizures. In addition, we must not forget that calorie restriction is due to physical training. This will lower the weight to the desired level and achieve excellent results.

Gout is a serious disease with countless complications. Adherence to the regimen allows you to reduce pain and manifestations for a while. If you want to get rid of the disease, it is better to follow the above recommendations and enjoy a problem-free life.